At least four out of every 10 adults suffer from heartburn at least once a month, derived largely from stress and a diet predominantly fat, spicy and spicy food, which can lead to more serious problems.

“Gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD is a serious problem, since the persistence of symptoms frequently affects the performance of work and social activities of those who suffer from it,” said Dr. Luis Federico Uscanga Domínguez at a press conference this Thursday, former president of the Mexican Association of Gastroenterology (AMG).

Uscanga Domínguez pointed out that heartburn or regurgitation is a condition that affects the quality of life of people, and in Mexico it has become one of the most common causes of consulting the general Doctor.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), gastroesophageal reflux (GERD) and acid-peptic diseases occupy the first place of consultations worldwide and affect people of any age, sex and social condition.

According to the specialist, 40% of people with GERD present it once a month, while 20% once a week and 7% every day.

The former president of the AMG asserted that patients who suffer from this condition complain of heartburn (a burning sensation), because the contents of the stomach are returned to the esophagus, “which causes irritation of the digestive tract and other symptoms.”

Among the main risk factors for developing this disease are age, family history, the use of certain medications, obesity, and comorbidities such as Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma.

The specialist pointed out that many patients do not have adequate treatment for the disease, which complicates and exacerbates the symptoms.

For his part, Dr. Raúl Bernal, also a former number one of the AMG, assured that “the treatment of GERD must be individualized” and should be oriented to the clinical presentation of the disease and the intensity of the symptoms.

Finally, the specialists suggested avoiding the excessive intake of drinks and food, in addition to reducing the amount of spicy and fatty foods to prevent the appearance of these diseases.